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LNER/Pathe Cinema Coach. In 1942,
          they were converted back to passenger
          brakes. Surprisingly, they were not used
          by the military for conferences and
            The 1940s saw the Southern
          Railway use cinema car technology for
          instruction of their staff while the
          vehicles were stationary in platforms.
            After Nationalisation of the
          railways in 1949, British Transport
          Films used two cinema coaches to tour
          the national system. Each was equipped
          to seat 58 and they were fitted with
          16mm sound projectors fed by a mobile  The butcher’s van on the ‘Tea and Sugar’ train. Image: Tim Armstrong Collection.
          generator for use in sidings. (One of
          these coaches was the subject of the
          story in CR 49).
            Passenger coaches equipped to
          show films on a temporary basis were
          also sometimes attached to excursion
          trains in the early days of British Rail.
            In parts of Australia stationary
          cinema carriages were used for
          instructional purposes in the 1930s (see
          CR 49), but their introduction on the
          line where imagination suggests that
          they might have been most appreciated
          - the Transcontinental Railway - seems
          to have come very late.
            The ‘Tea and Sugar’ train run by the
          Commonwealth Railways, which
          brought essentials to the fettlers and
          their families in the ‘camps’ between  The screen-end of the cinema car of the ‘Tea and Sugar’ train at the Port Augusta
          Port Augusta and Kalgoorlie,      workshops 1969. A bulge in the roof at the far end suggests modifications for the
          introduced a cinema car in 1963. This  projection room. A flat wagon with generator is coupled to the carriage.
          was a conversion of a Victorian and  Image: Rod Smith.
          South Australian Railways joint-stock
          first class carriage built in 1907.
            Families had a long wait between
          films; only seven shows were provided
          a year with the program selected by the
          Welfare Officer. These shows were
          discontinued in 1981 or 1982. The last
          ‘Tea and Sugar’ train ran in 1996.
            Given that the USA is looked on as
          the home of cinema, and with luxury
          American passenger trains covering long
          distances until the 1950s, it would seem
          natural that the cinema should have
          become part of express -train operation
          there, yet references to cinema cars in
          America are few and far between.
            Nowadays video has made on board
          entertainment so easy. In-flight movies  Inside the same cinema car. Image: Tim Armstrong Collection.
          are an accepted part of plane travel and
                                            ACKNOWLEDGMENTS                    Rod Smith supplied more information
          on interstate buses. Sweden has video-
                                            This article is based on Movies On the  about films on the Tea and Sugar train,
          bar cars on some long distance trains,
                                            Move by Alexander Mullay, published  and Eric White added information
          where the surroundings are akin to a
                                            in The Railway Magazine of October  about Soviet-era screenings.
          cinema. It’s comfort plus, but the
                                            2003. It is reproduced by kind     Mel Elliott supplied the magazine
          concept had its proving-ground in the  permission of The Railway Magazine.  which started the hunt for more
          frozen wastes of Siberia. ★       CATHS members Tim Armstrong and    information.
          14  2006 CINEMARECORD
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